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Demanding for primary relatives is crucial in U.S. family-based immigration and a family petition lawyer’s assistance is valuable. The next of kin have a privileged status and no numerical visa limits. 

Permanent citizens initiate the process through Form I-130. After approval, they can seek permanent residency in the U.S. or Consular Processing abroad. Prioritizing core family reflects the government's commitment to reunification and cultural diversity.

Preference Categories According To A Family Petition Lawyer

Ranking divisions are specific familial relationships based on the connection between the foreign beneficiary and the lawful permanent resident requestor.

First Preference (F1)
  • Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens.

  • Unmarried children who are 21 years old or older.

Second Preference (F2)
  • Spouses, Children, and Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Lawful Permanent Residents.

  • Spouses and unmarried children (under 21 years) of lawful permanent citizens.

  • Unmarried children (21 years and older) of permanent settlers.

Third Preference (F3)
  • Married Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens.

  • Married children of U.S. citizens, regardless of age.

Fourth Preference (F4)
  • Brothers and Sisters of U.S. Citizens.

  • Siblings of U.S. citizens, if the citizen petitioner is at least 21 years old.

Steps On How To File I-130 Demand Form

Filing the I-130 appeal for Alien Relative is the first step in the immigration process. It helps a foreign national family member immigrate to the U.S.

Determine Eligibility 

Confirm that you, as a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident guarantor, are eligible to sponsor the intended member. This sponsorship falls under one of the family-based preference categories.

Complete I-130 Application

Accurate and thorough documentation is essential in filling up this paperwork. Gather necessary files, proof of relationship, supporting documents, and fee payment. Double-check all details to avoid delays or denials. 

Submit The Petition Package

Mail the completed Form I-130, along with all supporting documents and the filing fee, to the appropriate USCIS address as specified in the form instructions.

Confirmation Of Submission

After USCIS receives the plea, they will issue a receipt notice acknowledging the acceptance of your motion. The receipt will include a case number that can be used to track the status of the request.

Wait For Processing And Decision

After filing the petition, USCIS reviews it and may ask for more evidence if necessary. The processing time depends on the USCIS workload and the preference category. If approved, the case moves to the National Visa Center or the relevant U.S. embassy or consulate for further processing.

Waivers And Exceptions

Waivers are crucial when sponsoring immediate relatives for immigration benefits. Meeting legal requirements and inadmissibility grounds can be challenging due to specific circumstances. 

A waiver allows applicants to seek forgiveness for certain rejection grounds. It includes immigration violations, criminal records, or health issues. Immediate relatives can apply for a waiver if found unauthorized, enabling them to become eligible for an immigrant visa. 

To obtain this file, strong evidence of extreme hardship to the U.S. citizen spouse or parent must be presented.  It must show that denial of the waiver would cause significant difficulties.  

Exceptions on the other hand are specific situations where certain requirements can be completely waived. For instance, if a sponsor cannot meet the income threshold, the requirement may be waived if they have substantial assets or a joint sponsor.

Navigating these documentation processes can be complex, as each case is unique. Immigration lawyers can provide valuable guidance in helping applicants understand their options. They assist to build a strong case for a waiver or exception. With their knowledge, the chances of a successful immigration journey for immediate relatives are greatly improved.


Family-based immigration involves filing Form I-130 to sponsor eligible relatives, with immediate memes having priority and unlimited visas. Preference categories, like unmarried adult children, have numerical limits. Lincoln Goldfinch Law assists in the process, ensuring a smooth journey for families seeking to reunite in the U.S. Visit

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